The Greek Verb Revisited: A Fresh Approach for Biblical Exegesis


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edited by Steven E. Runge & Christopher J. Fresch

For the past 25 years, debate regarding the nature of tense and aspect in the Koine Greek verb has held New Testament studies at an impasse. The Greek Verb Revisited examines recent developments from the field of linguistics, which may dramatically shift the direction of this discussion. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the foundational issues, and more importantly, they will discover a way forward through the debate.

Originally presented during a conference on the Greek verb supported by and held at Tyndale House and sponsored by the Faculty of Divinity of Cambridge University, the papers included in this collection represent the culmination of scholarly collaboration. The outcome is a practical and accessible overview of the Greek verb that moves beyond the current impasse by taking into account the latest scholarship from the fields of linguistics, Classics, and New Testament studies.


  • Foreword by Andreas Köstenberger
  • Introduction by Steven E. Runge and Christopher J. Fresch
  • “Porter and Fanning on NT Greek Verbal Aspect: Retrospect and Prospect” by Buist Fanning
  • “What is Aspect? Contrasting Definitions in General Linguistics and New Testament Studies” by Christopher J. Thomson
  • “Tense and Aspect in Classical Greek, Two Historical Developments: Augment and Perfect” by Rutger J. Allan
  • “Aspect-Prominence, Morpho-Syntax, and a Cognitive-Linguistic Framework for the Greek Verb” by Nicolas J. Ellis
  • “Verb Forms and Grounding in Narrative” by Stephen H. Levinsohn
  • “Imperfects, Aorists, Perfects, and Historic Presents, and Perfects in John 11: A Narrative Test Case” by Patrick James
  • “The Contribution of Verb Forms, Connectives and Dependency to Grounding Status in Non-Narrative Discourse” by Steven E. Runge
  • “Participles as a Pragmatic Choice: Where Semantics Meets Pragmatics” by Randall Buth
  • “Functions of Copula-Participle Combinations” by Stephen H. Levinsohn
  • “The Historical Present in NT Greek: An Exercise in Interpreting Matthew” by Elizabeth Robar
  • “Function of the ε-Augment in Hellenistic Greek” by Peter Gentry
  • “Typology, Polysemy, and Prototypes: Situating Non-Past Aorist Indicatives” by Christopher J. Fresch
  • “Perfect Greek Morphology and Pedagogy: Their Contribution to Understanding the Greek Perfect” by Randall Buth
  • “The Semantics of the Perfect in the Greek New Testament” by Robert Crellin
  • “The Discourse Function of the Greek Perfect” by Steven E. Runge
  • “Greek Prohibitions” by Michael Aubrey
  • “Tense and Aspect After the New Testament” by Amalia Moser
  • “Motivated Categories, Middle Voice, and Passive Morphology” by Rachel Aubrey
  • “Conclusions and Open Issues” by Geoffrey Horrocks

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